Horse Show Jumping / Equestrian Sports
Horse jumping (also known as show jumping, stadium or jumpers) is an equestrian sport. Show jumping classes are very popular worldwide, and are also included in the Olympics (first incorporated in 1912). Over these years, show jumping has emerged as a graceful and entertaining equestrian sport and is also an excellent test of fitness, training and courage in a partnership between horse and rider.
Types of horse jumping competitions
It is the highest level of show jumping, most challenging and has the maximum money at stake. The exhibitor clears 10-16 consecutive hurdles, running under FEI rules (Fédération Equestre Internationale). Grand Prix-level show jumping competitions are included in the Olympics, the World Equestrian Games, the World Cup Series and the Nations Cup Series. Grand Prix show jumping is also referred to as five-star Concours de Saut International (CSI) rules.
Steeplechase has got its name from 18th century
, where it began as an addition to cross-country races that ran from one church steeple to another. In 1810 in Ireland , the first steeplechase was held over a prepared track with fences. Bedlam, UK
Puissance is a high- jump competition where obstacles consist of a short row of fences and ending in a final puissance wall, which may be taller than 7 feet. After the course of fences in completed, the horse and rider pair moves to the next round where the wall is raised further.
In this type of show jumping, the rider has to jump 6 bars set in a straight line. After each level, the heights of the bars are raised, making subsequent runs even more difficult for the rider and the horse. Horses get penalized or dropped out from the competition, if they knock down a bar.
Gambler’s choice / Accumulator
It is a show jumping competition where horse riders choose their course, and are rewarded with points based on the levels of the difficulty. The pair that earns the maximum number of points in the allocated time wins the competition.
Maiden, novice and limit
For horses that have had relatively lesser number of wins, an easier jumping event may be conducted with lenient time limits and lower fences. These events are called maiden, novice and limit for lesser than one, three and six wins respectively.
Match race or double slalom
Here, two parallel courses are prepared so that two studs can compete against each other.
This is a similar event to the normal show jumping competition, with one exception being a severe penalty (of counting four faults for each time the horse touches the hurdle).
False converted is a type of competition where any fault is converted into seconds on the clock (generally at the rate of 1 second per fault).